Most Patients With Celiac Disease on Gluten-Free Diets Consume Measurable Amounts of Gluten

Published:December 19, 2019DOI:
      A gluten-free diet (GFD) is the primary treatment for celiac disease (CD), yet many have persistent villous atrophy despite following a strict GFD. Several lines of indirect evidence suggest that persistent villous atrophy reflects ongoing gluten exposure; however, only recently have tools become available to test this hypothesis directly.


      Abbreviations used in this paper:

      CD (celiac disease), GFD (gluten-free diet), GIP (gluten immunogenic peptides), ppm (parts per million)
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